This tutorial has kindly been provided by Ludlow Quilt & Sew, visit their website for great reference guides to sewing & quilting as well as tutorials & projects: http://www.ludlowquiltandsew.co.uk/
FREE PATTERN FOR BASIC LOG CABIN CUSHION COVER
A cushion cover made from the log cabin quilt block is one of the easiest to make and a great introduction to beginner quilting.
Ok, I know the colours that I have used here for this log cabin quilt block are a little garish, but the idea is to show as clearly as possible how the log cabin quilt block is contructed. The basic premise of the log cabin quilt block is a central square with strips built up around the square to whatever size you want to make. The central square represents the hearth of the log cabin and is usually red to denote fire and warmth. The strips around the hearth, representing the logs, are traditionally dark one side and light the other side to represent light and dark. As with so much in quilting, though, the possibilities are endless and by changing the light/dark ratio and the width of the logs you can create stunning three dimensional effects for your quilt.
I have used 2.1/2" strips to make this log cabin quilt block. The central square is a 2.1/2" square. Beneath it sew a 2.1/2" square in a dark colour and on the right sew a 4.1/2" (by 2.1/2") strip of the dark fabric. That's the hearth and the first two logs in place. Sew a 4.1/2" strip of light fabric across the top and a 6.1/2" strip of light fabric to the left to complete the first round of logs for your log cabin quilt block.
The next round of logs is made of a 6.1/2" strip in dark on the bottom, 8.1/2" strip dark on the right, 8.1/2" light strip across the top and 10.1/2" light strip down the left.
The next round of logs:
10.1/2" dark across bottom
12.1/2" dark on right
12.1/2" light across top
14.1/2" light on left
The fourth round of logs:
14.1/2" dark across bottom
16.1/2" dark on right
16.1/2" light across top
18.1/2" light on left
The fifth round:
18.1/2" dark across bottom
20.1/2" dark on right
20.1/2" light across top
22.1/2" light on left
You could add more or fewer rounds of logs. I have used five rounds because I wanted a fairly large cushion cover. This one will take a 22" cushion pad.
In order to turn this log cabin quilt block into a cushion cover, cut a 22.1/2" square of fabric and two rectangles 22.1/2" by 15". The square is to back the quilt block just to protect the seams and will not be visible. The rectangles will form the back of the cushion cover. Turn the edge under twice on one 22.1/2" edge of each rectangle so that the raw edge is hidden. Sew in place - either by machine or hand - using matching thread.
Place the square of backing fabric with right side down. Lay the log cabin quilt block on top with right side up. Lay one rectangle on top of this with the raw edge at the top and the hemmed edge in the middle. Lay the other rectangle with the raw edge at the bottom and the hemmed edge in the middle. The two rectangles should overlap by about 3". This creates the envelope opening to turn the cover right side out and to insert a cushion pad.
Pin the layers together and sew all round the edge of the square using a 1/4" seam. Then sew round the edge again using a zigzag stitch right on the edge of the fabric. This will help prevent fraying of the raw edges.
Turn the cushion cover right side out through the envelope opening at the back, insert a cushion pad and admire your handiwork.